Oats

General Comments:  

Oats 300Oats will grow rapidly in late summer and continue until a hard freeze.  They will not over-winter in Wisconsin.  They are a good choice if fall-harvesting a forage is the main goal.  They are more tolerant of temporary dry conditions than legumes.

Oats and barley have had equal yields in fall forage trials of 1-3 tons of dry matter per acre

Planting specifications:

Seeding rate: Seed all at 40-60 lbs per-acre for a cover crop only, 75-100 lbs per-acre for forage.

Seeding depth: Drill 1-2” deep or broadcast and lightly till-in.

Fertility needs: 40-60 lbs N, and if for forage, 20 lbs P2O5 and 90 lbs K2O.

Management and termination:

None needed, will winter kill in Wisconsin

In a cover crop mix:

After wheat:  Oats can be mixed with any of the brassica or legume cover crops.  Cut seeding rate by 1/3 in mixes.

Research in Wisconsin:

update on research coming soon

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