Everyone involved in the life cycle of pharmaceuticals – research and developers, manufacturers, distributors, pharmacies, hospitals, policy makers and consumers - can do their part to reduce the amount of pharmaceutical waste ending up in our environment. For more information on what specific parties can do, click on the menu to the left.
The Product Stewardship Institute has been conducting research on strategies to reduce the amount of pharmaceuticals that become waste in the first place. Their final report, Potential Strategies to Reduce Pharmaceutial Waste, and Source Reduction Recommendations are now available. To read the report and to find out more, visit PSI’s Pharmaceutical Project.
See also Green Pharmacy and pharmEcovigilance: Prescribing and the Planet by Christian Daughton and Ilene Ruhoy.
The Center for Environmental Information, a non profit group located in Rochester, NY, published a report on Pharmaceutical Pollution Prevention in July 2011.
In this two part monograph, Christian Daughton examine the many facets of a little-discussed but very important aspect of the overall issue of pharmaceuticals as environmental pollutants: pollution prevention.
- Cradle-to-Cradle Stewardship of Drugs for Minimizing Their Environmental Disposition While Promoting Human Health. I. Rationale for and Avenues toward a Green Pharmacy
- Cradle-to-Cradle Stewardship of Drugs for Minimizing Their Environmental Disposition While Promoting Human Health. II. Drug Disposal, Waste Reduction, and Future Directions
For more resources, see our waste reduction subpages.