Crops

SOYBEANS

UW-Extension soybean specialist Shawn Conley says the 2012 Wisconsin soybean crop is hanging on looking for rain in this podcast.

Early Season Water Deficit Stress on Southern Wisconsin soybeans. Here is information about the implications of water deficit on soybeans.

Soybean drought stress in late season. This video covers common issues growers may have concerning soybean yield when affected by drought during late season growth.

Variable Germination and Emergence in Soybean: Which Seeds Are Still Viable? What happens when soybean is planted in less than ideal soil conditions?

 

CORN

Moldy corn and crop insurance. Corn harvest is beginning throughout Wisconsin and should proceed quickly with the projected dry weather. Some growers will find themselves with decent yields and good test weights, and so they may feel no need to contact their crop insurance agent. However, due to the moisture and heat stress with the drought of 2012, Wisconsin farmers should be especially aware of moldy corn this year, for the health of their livestock and food safety. UW-Extension specialists Damon Smith and Paul Mitchell provide information about moldy corn and mycotoxins during harvest and crop insurance rules for quality losses due to mycotoxin contamination in this report.

Most recent posts from UW-Extension Agronomy Specialist Joe Lauer’s blog Corn Agronomy:



Here is a PowerPoint presentation with information on immature whole plant corn to use in pricing calculations. 12Drought immature whole plant corn-1

 

Forage

Late Summer Cutting Management of Alfalfa. Difficult alfalfa harvesting conditions sometimes result in farmers being off schedule for late summer harvesting alfalfa. This raises the question of best cutting management of alfalfa harvest as the end of summer approaches. This factsheet by Dan Undersander, UW-Extension forage agronomist, provides information about fall harvest management of alfalfa with weather results from the last 42 years. Undersander notes that now is the riskiest time to harvest alfalfa all over the state. Read the full factsheet here.

Is it legal to use a cover crop as a forage crop? Maybe not…With the recent interest by growers to use cover crops as forage crops, UW-Extension Weed Specialist Vince Davis recommends that growers make certain they know what herbicides, and all pesticides, have been used in their corn and soybean systems and that they follow the label for rotational restrictions of those products before they harvest a succeeding crop for a forage. Vince Davis provides more information here.

Late summer cutting management of alfalfa. Difficult alfalfa harvesting conditions sometimes result in farmers being off schedule for late summer harvesting alfalfa. This raises the question of best management for alfalfa harvest as the end of summer approaches. UW-Extension specialist Dan Undersander and Bill Bland discuss cutting recommendations in this paper.

Getting additional forage this fall. Some farmers need additional forage and want to plant a second crop following wheat or corn taken early for silage due to drought.  As of July 15, the best option is to wait until after August 1, and then consider planting oats with or without peas. Dan Undersander and Shawn Conley, UW-Extension Specialists based at UW-Madison provide information about getting additional forage this fall.

Establishing Alfalfa During Late Summer. Seeding perennial forage species such as alfalfa during the late summer in Wisconsin can result in vigorous and productive stands when proper establishment practices are followed. Late summer alfalfa seeding does not replace traditional spring seeding recommendations, but rather provides growers with an establishment alternative when crop rotation allows. Like most crop production practices, success is achieved with management and attention to details.

Estimating the Weight of Forage in a Forage Wagon. Most dairy farmers do not have a drive-over scale available on their farms. Frequently it would be useful to know the weight of forage harvested from a field. Measuring alfalfa or corn silage yield is necessary to adjust management practices, to maintain crop inventories, and for crop reporting purposes. Sometimes growers sell hay from a field and require an estimate of the quantity removed or sold.

Crop Insurance

USDA changes crop insurance rules for cover crop harvesting in spring 2013. USDA has announced a crop insurance rule change that will allow farmers to harvest a cover crop for forage in the spring of 2013 and still insure a following grain crop.  This practice was not previously allowed if a grower wanted to insure a grain crop.  This is a temporary rule change to help livestock producers impacted by the drought.  Paul Mitchell, Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW-Madison/Extension, provides more details in this informational bulletin.

Crop Insurance Rules to Consider When Growing Emergency Forage or Cover Crops. This year, many Wisconsin farmers are looking to plant a late summer/early fall crop to produce some extra forage or simply as a cover crop. This bulletin reminds farmers of crop insurance rules so that they do not inadvertently lose crop insurance coverage for crops planted in the spring of 2013 after a forage/cover crop planted this summer/fall.

Crop insurance and disaster payments. Some crop losses due to adverse weather conditions are compensated by insurance or federal disaster payments. Several income tax rules allow preferential treatment of gains and losses realized as a result of these weather conditions. UW-Extension farm law specialist Phil Harris provides more information about these payments in this bulletin.

Forward contracts and crop insurance. Many Wisconsin farmers have forward contracts with a local elevator or ethanol plant or have sold futures contracts on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange. With the current drought, many of these farmers are concerned that they may not have the grain to meet these contracts. Most Wisconsin farmers also buy crop insurance – 69% of corn acres and 74% of soybean acres were insured in 2011, with even more acres likely insured in 2012. Many farmers are wondering: What if I do not have the grain to make delivery on contracts and I have crop insurance? Should I do something now? UW-Extension Specialists Paul Mitchell and Brenda Boetel provide a quick summary of things to consider.

Drought and Crop Insurance: Patience Please! The year began with plentiful moisture and high hopes as Wisconsin planted 4.35 million corn acres and 1.69 million soybean acres, a Wisconsin record for both. The drought and high temperatures in Wisconsin and other states are getting national attention as the weather pattern across the Midwest continues. Timely rains can still allow many acres to produce some yield – patience over the next few weeks will clarify just how Wisconsin crop yields will turn out. Paul D. Mitchell, Agricultural and Applied Economics, UW Madison/Extension advises patience at this time.

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